Author Guidelines


Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format.

Page Format: A4 Portrait, Margins (Normal) (top, bottom, left, right 3 cm)

Font Family: Main titles should be written using 11 pt. and the text 10 pt. Palatino Linotype font.

Article Lengt

Article length should not be more than 10000 words. This includes all text including references and appendices.

Article Title

A title of not more than 16 words should be provided.

Author details

All contributing authors’ names and affiliation should be added.

Correct email addresses should be supplied for each author in their separate author accounts.

All contributing authors’ ORCID ID should be added.

Structured Abstract

Authors must supply a structured abstract in their submission, set out under 4 sub-headings:

  • Purpose
  • Design/methodology/approach
  • Findings
  • Discussion
  • Abstract should be included maxsimum 250 words.

Authors should avoid the use of personal pronouns within the structured abstract and body of the paper (e.g. "this paper investigates…" is correct, "I investigate…" is incorrect).


Authors should provide appropriate and short keywords that encapsulate the principal topics of the paper The number of keywords is 3-5.

Article Classification

Articles in the bellow categories can be presented to the journal.

Research paper. This category covers papers which report on any type of research undertaken by the author(s). The research may involve the construction or testing of a model or framework, action research, testing of data, market research or surveys, empirical or scientific.

Case study. Case studies describe actual interventions or experiences within organizations. They may well be subjective and will not generally report on research. A description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise would also fit into this category.


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchy of headings.

The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.


The objective of the introduction part is to put the scope of the study in a frame, thus enabling the reader to link the study under consideration with other studies in the literature.In this section, the author is expected to present the objective, theoretical background, and the contribution to the field as well as the originality.The subheadings are as the followings; Stating the research problem Stating the research objective Literature review Research questions / hypotheses

Other than the above-stated parts, as far as qualitative studies are concerned, the role of the researcher, the paradigms employed and perspectives of the reserachers should also be mentioned in the introduction part.


Method section should cover “Research Model”, “Population and Sampling (if any)”, and “Data Analysis” headings.

The research model employed (descriptive, experimental, case study, observation, focus group, etc.) has to be stated in the method section. Besides, this section also hosts what research method or paradigm (i.e. qualitative, quantitative, ethnographic, etc.) has been employed.

What’s more, data collection process, validity and reliability issues should be detailed under this section. The last but not the least, data analysis process and the techniques used in data analysis should be elaborated.


The findings section of the research paper is where you report the findings of your study based upon the information gathered as a result of the methodology [or methodologies] you applied. This section contains factually accurate information that is objectively reported and conveyed in accurate or appropriate language. This section should simply state the results, without bias or interpretation, and arranged in a logical sequence. A section describing findings [a.k.a.,”results”] is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research.

In this section it is recommended that you should be concise, using non-textual elements, such as figures and tables, if appropriate, to present results more effectively. In deciding what data to describe in your results section, you must clearly distinguish material that would normally be included in a research paper from any raw data or other material that could be included as an appendix.

Conclusion and Discussion

The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of your points or a re-statement of your research problem but a synthesis of key points. The conclusion offers you a chance to elaborate on the significance of your findings. Besides, this section offers new insight and creative approaches for framing/contextualizing the research problem based on the results of your study.The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or fresh insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the introduction; the discussion should always explain how your study has moved the reader's understanding of the research problem forward from where you left them at the end of the introduction.

Tables and Figures

Give every table and figure a brief but clear and explanatory title. The caption for a table should appear above the table, while the caption for a figure should appear below the figure.

Tables should be justified in the text. To avoid any unintended changes during the copy editing process, please use the drawing canvas function for figures in Microsoft Word.

Use 10 pt. size for table/figure captions and the content. Boldface the word "Table" or "Figure" and the associated number in the caption (see below).

Table 1. Demographic Profile of Respondents


References to other publications must be in APA style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. This is very important in an electronic environment because it enables your readers to exploit the Reference Linking facility on the database and link back to the works you have cited through CrossRef.

You should cite publications in the text: (Allen, 2018:15) using the first named author's name or (Allen and Mayer, 2018:15) citing both names of two, or (Allen et al., 2018:15), when there are three or more authors.

At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied.

For books

Surname, Initials (year). Title of Book, Place of publication, Publisher.

e.g. Correia, D. (2014). Business Continuity, New York, Elseiver.

For book chapters

Surname, Initials (year). Chapter title, Editor's Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Miller, F.A. (2015). The Early Pathways: Theory to Practice – a Continuum, Jackson, A. (Ed.), Business Management, New York, NY, Elsevier, 15-20.

For journals

Surname, Initials (year). Title of article, Journal Name, volume (issue), pages.

e.g. Yuksel, A.D. and Yazıcı, M. (2015). "Price reversals and price continuations following large price movements", Journal of Business Management, 30 (2), 15-27.

For conference proceedings

Surname, Initials (year of publication). Title of paper, in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Place of publication, Publisher, Page numbers.

e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007). Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner, in Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism, in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2-5 April 2007, Vienna, Springer-Verlag, 12-32.

For encyclopedia entries (with no author or editor)

Title of Encyclopedia (year). Title of entry, volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985). Culture contact", Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, 255-256.

For electronic sources

If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.

e.g. Aktan, C.C. (2018), Girişimci kimdir?, available at: 15 November 2018).